Vegan Vitamins: A Comprehensive Guide for Optimal Health

As more people adopt a plant-based lifestyle, the importance of proper nutrition and supplementation cannot be overstated. One of the challenges that vegans may face is ensuring they receive all necessary vitamins and nutrients through their diet alone. For those committed to a vegan lifestyle, adding a multivitamin specifically tailored to their needs can ensure that they stay healthy and vibrant.

There are various multivitamins and supplements available that cater to vegans, targeting several essential nutrients that may be lacking in a plant-exclusive diet. Some of the critical components to look for in a vegan multivitamin include vitamin B12, vitamin D, calcium, iron, iodine, zinc, and omega-3 fats. These nutrients play a vital role in maintaining overall health, energy levels, and proper bodily functions.

To make the process of selection easier for you, we’ve scoured the market and researched some of the best vegan multivitamins that provide a balanced blend of essential vitamins and minerals. With the right multivitamin in your daily routine, you can confidently enjoy your vegan journey knowing that you’re fueling your body with everything it needs to thrive!

Essential Vegan Vitamins

A well-planned vegan diet can be perfectly healthy and balanced. However, there are a few essential vitamins and minerals that you might need to pay a little extra attention to. In this section, we’ll dive into a handful of vitamins and minerals that are especially important for vegans—no need to stress, just consider them the “Fantastic Six” of the vegan world.

Vitamin B12

Everyone—vegans and non-vegans alike—knows that vitamin B12 is the star of the show when it comes to essential vegan vitamins! Vitamin B12 plays a crucial role in nerve function and red blood cell formation. Unfortunately, it’s typically found in animal products, so it’s a good idea for vegans to take a supplement or eat B12-fortified foods. Don’t worry, you won’t start mooing after consuming it.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D, aka the “Sunshine Vitamin,” is essential for calcium absorption and maintaining healthy bones. While our bodies can produce it through sun exposure, that’s not always an option depending on where you live (looking at you, cloudy weather!). Vegans should look for vitamin D2 or vegan vitamin D3 supplements, or consume fortified plant-based milks and cereals.


No need to cry over spilled milk—or lack thereof. Calcium is essential for maintaining strong bones, and while it’s commonly found in dairy products, vegans get to have their own calcium party! There are plenty of plant-based sources, like kale, broccoli, and fortified plant milks. However, a calcium supplement might still be beneficial for those who have trouble meeting their daily requirements.


Iron plays a vital role in transporting oxygen throughout your body. But fear not, plant-eaters—there are plenty of plant-based iron sources like beans, lentils, and fortified cereals. That said, the nonheme iron from plants is less easily absorbed than heme iron from animal products, so consider pairing iron-rich foods with vitamin C to enhance absorption (hello, citrus!). Iron supplements are also an option.


Zinc, a trusty sidekick to your immune system, might be a bit more challenging to obtain from a vegan diet. Luckily, this mineral can be found in foods like legumes, nuts, seeds, and whole grains. If you’re not a fan of beans and the gang, you can also opt for a vegan supplement to ensure you’re getting enough zinc to keep your immune system humming along like a well-oiled machine.


Last but not least, we have iodine, which is essential for maintaining thyroid function. Iodized salt is the most common source, but since many vegans opt for fancy-pants pink Himalayan salt or other non-iodized options, it’s important to keep an eye on your iodine intake. Seaweed is a fantastic plant-based iodine source (bring on the sushi rolls!), but an iodine supplement might still be a good idea for those concerned about their intake.

And there you have it, the “Fantastic Six” of essential vegan vitamins and minerals. Keep these on your radar, and you’ll be well on your way to a healthy, happy, plant-powered life!

Sources of Vegan Vitamins and Minerals

When it comes to vegan diets, getting the proper nutrients can seem daunting at first. Fortunately, there are plenty of plant-based sources to meet your nutritional needs. Let’s explore some delicious options in various food categories!

Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables are not only colorful and tasty, but they also provide essential vitamins and minerals. Vitamin C, a favorite for immune support, is found in abundance in citrus fruits, strawberries, and even the trendy kale. For vitamin A, which is great for maintaining healthy eyes and skin, look no further than carrots and sweet potatoes. And our leafy green friends like spinach are champions of iron and calcium content. Fun fact: some people even say spinach gave Popeye his bulging biceps!

Whole Grains

Craving carbs? No problem! Whole grains, such as brown rice, quinoa, and oats, provide essential nutrients like selenium and magnesium. These nutrients help maintain a healthy immune system and contribute to energy production. So next time someone tells you carbs are the enemy, remind them that whole grains pack a powerful nutritional punch.


Beans, peas, and lentils, known collectively as legumes, are the triple threat of the vegan diet. They’ve got protein, fiber, and minerals like iron and magnesium. Looking for some soy products to add to your vegan arsenal? Tofu and tempeh are not only delicious in stir-fries and salads, but they also deliver generous amounts of calcium and iron. No wonder legumes are always ready for their close-up on Instagram-worthy vegan meals!

Nuts and Seeds

Sometimes small packages really do contain big surprises. Nuts and seeds might look tiny, but they’re potent sources of essential vitamins and minerals. For a protein boost, turn to almonds and peanuts. To cover your B vitamins, enjoy a sprinkle of nutritional yeast on your popcorn or pasta. Seeds like chia and flax boast omega-3 fatty acids, which contribute to healthy brain function (and they make your smoothie bowls look pretty snazzy, too).

In conclusion, a vegan diet can indeed provide all the nutrients you need without sacrificing taste or variety. So enjoy your plant-powered meals, knowing you’re fueling your body with everything it requires!

Vegan Supplements and Multivitamins

Choosing the Right Supplement

Being vegan sure can have its perks, but it can also mean missing out on a few essential nutrients—like B12 and omega-3 fatty acids. Fear not, for vegan supplements and multivitamins are here to save the day! When choosing a supplement, consider your individual nutrient requirements and lifestyle factors such as sun exposure, physical activity, and environmental influences.

For example, a vitamin D supplement is a good choice if you have limited sun exposure due to your nocturnal Netflix habits. And if you tend to feel weak or fatigued, give yourself a boost with a B12 supplement, so you can go from “Netflix and anemia” to “Netflix and chill.”

Popular Brands

  • Hippo7 Vegan Complete Multivitamin: These bad boys are specially designed to cover the essentials for vegans, including their BFFs B12 and vitamin D, as well as calcium, iron, iodine, zinc, and omega-3 fats 1.
  • mindbodygreen ultimate multivitamin+: This brand is not just about yoga and green smoothies but also offers a great vegan multivitamin2.
  • Deva Vegan Multivitamin: For all the green:globe_with_meridians out there, this multivitamin provides high levels of B12 and iron along with a fantastic blend of herbs, vegetable powders, and green whole foods3.
  • Supplements Studio Whole Food Multivitamin Plus: If you’re looking for a vegan multivitamin with the whole shebang, this GMP certified supplement also includes a 3-strain probiotic, CoQ10, Omega-3, Omega-6, and Turmeric4.
  • Garden of Life mykind Organics Women’s Multi: For the vegan ladies out there, Garden of Life’s multivitamin packs a punch with iron and other essential nutrients5.

Proper Dosage

How much is too much? Or when is enough, truly enough? As an epicurean vegan, you might wonder about the proper dosage of vegan supplements. It’s important to consult a healthcare professional or dietitian to identify your specific nutrient requirements. However, as a general rule of thumb, aim for around 250 micrograms of B12 in a vegan multivitamin or supplement6.


So, fellow vegans, let’s THRIVE and not just survive with the help of these powerful nutrient-dense warriors. Whether it’s DHA for a healthy brain or a boosted immune system with the ever-elusive omega-3 fatty acids, a vegan multivitamin can help you be the healthiest and happiest version of yourself. Remember to take your vegan supplements consistently, laugh at our own vegan jokes, and never ever stop loving the environment and all its inhabitants.

Health Benefits and Potential Risks of Vegan Diets

Vegan diets have been gaining popularity for various reasons, including health, environmental, and ethical concerns. While a plant-based diet can be nutritionally balanced, it is essential to be aware of potential nutrient deficiencies and maintain a varied and balanced diet to reap the benefits.

Nutrient Deficiencies

One potential downside of a vegan diet is the risk of nutrient deficiencies. Common nutrients to watch out for include:

  • Protein: Vegans can get enough protein from plant sources like legumes, whole grains, and tofu. However, they may need to combine different protein sources to ensure they get all the essential amino acids.
  • Vitamin B12: Found mainly in animal-derived foods, vegans should consume fortified foods or supplements to meet their daily value of B12, which is essential for red blood cell formation and prevention of anemia.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids: These essential fats are found in fatty fish, but vegans can source them from flaxseeds, chia seeds, or algae-based supplements.
  • Iron: Though plant-based diets can provide iron, it is in a non-heme form, which may have lower absorption. Consuming vitamin C-rich foods with plant-based iron sources can help increase absorption.
  • Vitamin D3: Vegans can obtain vitamin D through limited sun exposure, fortified foods, or supplements. Look for a vitamin D supplement that is derived from lichen, rather than lanolin (which comes from sheep’s wool).
  • Calcium: Usually associated with dairy products, calcium can be found in plant-based sources like fortified plant milk, kale, and tahini. Supplements can also be an option to fill nutrient gaps.
  • Iodine, Zinc, and Selenium: These minerals are essential for various functions like thyroid health, immune system, and antioxidant support. Vegans can get these nutrients from iodized salt, whole grains, and mushrooms, or consider a multivitamin.

Environmental and Ethical Considerations

Aside from health benefits, many people choose vegan diets for its environmental impact and ethical considerations. Vegan diets have a lower carbon footprint and use fewer resources like water and land when compared to animal-based agriculture. This choice can also address ethical concerns surrounding the treatment of animals in farming practices.

Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

A well-planned vegan diet shows promise in preventing various diseases and promoting overall health. Some of the observed benefits include:

  • Heart Health: Plant-based diets can help lower cholesterol levels and blood pressure, reducing the risk of heart disease. Eating a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes is key to maintaining heart health.
  • Cancer: Research suggests that vegans may have a lower risk of some types of cancer like colon, breast, and prostate cancer, due to the high content of antioxidants and phytochemicals in plant-based foods.
  • Diabetes: Vegan diets can help manage blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, thanks to their rich fiber content and low glycemic load.
  • Weight Management: Plant-based diets tend to be lower in calories and saturated fat, which can help achieve a healthy weight.

In summary, a vegan diet can provide numerous health benefits when properly planned, balancing nutrient-rich foods and supplements when necessary. Remember to consult with a registered dietitian when needed, to ensure a wholesome and delicious vegan journey!


  1. Verywell Fit – Hippo7 Vegan Complete Multivitamin
  2. mindbodygreen – ultimate multivitamin+
  3. Vegan Liftz – Deva Vegan Multivitamin
  4. Clean Green Simple – Supplements Studio Whole Food Multivitamin Plus
  5. ACTIVE – Garden of Life mykind Organics Women’s Multi
  6. ACTIVE – RD Jessie Brownstein recommendations

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